Abel-weaving is one of the few surviving traditional crafts in Vigan. Historically, the high demand for the famous handwoven abel Iloco nearly killed the Spanish weaving industry during the galleon trade era. At least three (3) barangays in the city still have abel-weavers, best-known of which is Barangay Camangaan as it produces much of the local abel products available in Vigan’s souvenir shops located along the Crisologo Street and the Vigan Public Market. The other two (2) barangays with abel-weavers are Mindoro and San Pedro.
Abel-weaving involves the use of a wooden handloom and other accessories. The wooden handloom was the equivalent of a sewing machine in the past, and it produced most of the fabrics used in the homes, including clothes, blankets, and pillowcases. The material used to make the abel fabrics was cotton yarn (sagut). As it is known, the northern Philippines, particularly, grew cotton plants whose flowers were then intricately and lengthily processed in the homes to produce yarn.
On the whole, abel-weaving follows a very intricate process – from preparing and dyeing the yarn, to arranging different colors of yarn to produce the desired design, and operating the wooden handloom with the synchronized movement of both hands and feet.
Abel Iloko products included blankets and bed covers, pillow cases, mosquito nets, bath towels and robes, hand towels, place mats and table napkins, runners, hand towels and other fabrics for clothing material. Traditional colors and designs, which had similarities with the Cordilleran designs, were used in these products.
These movable events held in the month of December pay homage to the talents of Bigueño in the seven arts as well as our traditional way of celebrating Christmas.Biguenos also show off their creativity and artistry in making lanterns from indigenous materials.
Celebrated on the last last 3days of October to first 2days of November.'Raniag' means light which connotes the light that we offer to the lord in thanksgiving, the beacon that symbolizes our love for our departed kin and warmth of the bonding renewed in reunions held during All Saints Day.Festivities include Streetdancing in the night, Paper Hot Air Balloon Flying, River Floral Floaters and Community Arros Caldo Picnic.
The observance of the Holy Week is one of Vigan's foremost tourist attractions because of its deep religious fervor. Tourists join local devotees in religious processions of life-size statues in carrozas.
Celebrated on the 3rd week of January to commemorate the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul and the anniversary of Vigan's Cityhood featuring the colorful Longganisa Festival.